How Will the SMA Impact Operational Risk as a Whole?

  • Simona Fionda, Head of Operational Risk at Metro Bank

  • 07.10.2016 09:11 am

Ahead of the 7th Annual Operational Risk Management Forum, read here an interview with Mrs. Simona Fionda, Head of Operational Risk at Metro Bank about the new requirements of SMA and how the SMA will impact operational risk as a whole.

What are the new requirements of SMA?
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) started consultation on the Operational Risk capital calculation in October 2014. Following the first round of consultations, changes were made to the proposal and a second consultation was held in March 2016. The final requirements are due to be published by the end of the year.
Speaking at the Operational Risk Europe 2016 Conference in London on 14th of June, the Chair of the Working Group on Operational Risk for BCBS, Mitsu M. Adachi, reiterated that the SMA is a proxy-based measurement approach that eliminates the business-line based calculation and the internal model approach. It relies on a business indicator (BI) and a progressive coefficients structure, and it proposes that the internal loss experience enters the calculation for the larger banks.
How will the SMA impact ICAAP and other internal processes?
This has been a point of discussion during the consultation process and one that has sparked some debate amongst practitioners. The concern from the banking sector was primarily
around the ‘disappearance’ of the more advanced risk measurement and modelling for the projection of losses and severe risk exposure. It is important to remember that the proposed SMA is for the calculation of Pillar I (minimum capital requirement) and the ICAAP is stretching into Pillar II, which encourages firms to develop and use better risk management techniques in monitoring and managing their risk. In this context, analytics and modelling still have an important role to play in risk management.
How will the SMA impact operational risk as a whole?
It is difficult to comment on this at this stage as we are still waiting for the final publication. The driver for replacing the current set of Operational Risk capital calculation approaches with a single SMA approach was the need for simplicity and comparability. This need for simplicity and comparability spans across risk types—not only operational risks—with revised rules being implemented for all. The challenge banks face is maintaining the current level of analytical and modelling resources when it does not support Pillar I. It is important for us all to remember that analytical and modelling approaches are valuable for risk measurement and management purposes and in validating the adequacy of the capital held under Pillar II. The key is to ensure that the analytical efforts do not disappear with the implementation of the SMA.
A benefit of the current consultation, which is rarely mentioned, is that BCBS is planning to publish guidance on Operational Risk losses by the end of the year. This is to support the consistent application of the formulae, which currently require the internal loss experience to enter the calculation for larger banks. Hopefully the SMA will help achieve clarity and consistency on this subject.
What are the main challenges ahead and how can these be addressed?
The main challenge that BCBS faces is addressing the discontent expressed by large European banks with the increased capital requirements as a result of the changes proposed. On 16 September Bloomberg reported that “regulators from countries including Germany and Italy told the BCBS that proposed changes to how banks assess credit, market and operational risks must be scaled back and slowed down”. This discontent is supported by the fact that BCBS stated intention was to simplify and standardise not to significantly increase capital requirements.
The main challenge for banks, as is generally the case with changes in regulation, is the implementation timescale. First and foremost, it will be important to understand how much of the feedback received has been taken into account. The responses to the consultation highlighted a number of concerns that appeared as recurrent themes across the industry, internationally. It is usual for BCBS to request implementation of final rules two years after publication, which would mean implementation by the end of 2018. Banks should start parallel running their current approach and the new SMA once the rules are published to ensure all processes are in place and any difficulties can be discussed with the regulator ahead of the compliance date.
What would you like to achieve by attending the 7th Annual Operational Risk Management Forum Conference?
I look forward to hearing the different perspectives and insights of the speakers and, more generally, speaking with other attendees. The topics of SMA, capital, modelling and Cyber risk are timely and the international nature of the speaker line-up will be valuable in gaining a broader perspective.

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